There are a lot of homeowners today investing on solar panels. And come to think of it, this is a great time to be an advocate of alternative source of energy. DIY solar panels are now available. You can install these in your home and power not only a few of your appliances, or even your entire house.

But of course, before you start investing on solar panels, what exactly is the science behind it? It is important that you understand you don’t have to spend thousands of dollars on installation when you have the DIY versions.

How exactly does it work?

Photons or particles of light will create electricity within the solar panel. Each of the panel is made up of silicon which is the one responsible for creating electricity. Next, it is then wired to batteries that it can charge. The reason behind having a battery is to store energy throughout the day.

But of course, keep in mind that it is not readily available electricity for your home. Home appliances work on AC and not DC. Therefore, it is important that you get an AC to DC converter. This will allow the electricity to be used by your appliances.

Can it supply the entire house?

There are many factors to consider whether or not the electricity is enough to supply the entire house. It depends on the size of the battery, not to mention the size of your solar panels. There are other homes that make use of both the conventional way to power the house while also using solar power at the same time. This can be practical and it can also help save a lot of money in the long run.

Things that you have to know

It is important to get solar panels that can withstand the elements. Since it is harnessing sunlight, it should be able to tolerate moisture and changes in temperature. Keep in mind that the high performance solar panels and batteries will cost some money. The cost of solar panels per watt back in 2012 is around $1.3.

Also, if you are going to do things on your own and wire the batteries to the panel, keep in mind that it should be in a series. If you don’t have any knowledge whatsoever about electricity, it is best that you don’t dabble in this project.